On 13 March 2018, the Director-General of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), Ambassador Ahmet ` Obmc`, congratulated the Iraqi government for completing the destruction of the country`s chemical waste. [39] The OPCW announced on 13 March 2018 the destruction of Iraq`s chemical weapons. The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) is an arms control treaty that provides for the production, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons and their precursors. The full name of the treaty is the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Manufacturing, Storage and Use of Chemical Weapons and their Destruction and is managed by the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), an intergovernmental organization based in The Hague, The Netherlands. The treaty came into force on April 29, 1997. The Chemical Weapons Convention prohibits the large-scale use, development, production, stockpiling and transfer of chemical weapons. Very limited production for research, medicine, pharmacy or protection purposes remains permitted. The main obligation of member states under the Convention is to obtain this ban and the destruction of all current chemical weapons. All extermination activities must be carried out as part of the OPCW audit.

Chemical weapons stockpiles – States must declare all chemical weapons stockpiles divided into three categories: the 2013 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to the organization for «defining the use of chemical weapons as a taboo of international law» by the Chemical Weapons Convention, said Thorbjarn Jagland, chairman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee. [12] [13] The destruction of Category 2 and 3 chemical weapons must begin within one year of the ACC`s entry into force for a state. Reported stocks have been eliminated, but there are still unreported chemicals. After 12 years of negotiations, the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) was adopted by the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva on 3 September 1992. The CWC allows for rigorous compliance monitoring by States Parties. The CAC was opened for signature in Paris on 13 January 1993 and came into force on 29 April 1997. The CAC is the first disarmament agreement negotiated within a multilateral framework that provides for the elimination of an entire category of weapons of mass destruction under widespread international control. There are several agreements that overlap with the MANDATE of the CAC. For example, the Australia Group (AG) coordinates export controls related to CW and encourages the exchange of information between its 32 member countries.