The Brownsville Agreement and the Merida Initiative were agreements of inter-institutional cooperation between the United States and Mexico. The war on drugs has claimed thousands of lives on both sides of the border and these agreements have provided a collaborative framework to influence the outcome of the war. Through Outcomes Theory and Time Series/Intervention Analysis, several results have shown that the consequences of this policy have been an overwhelming loss for the war on drugs. Following the implementation of these measures, drug use increased in the United States, overall arrests remained static and road prices for these illicit substances fell. The Merida Initiative (also known as Plan Mexico, on Plan Colombia) is a security cooperation agreement between the United States, the Government of Mexico and Central American countries with the stated aim of combating threats to drug trafficking, transnational organized crime and money laundering. Support includes training, equipment and intelligence. The Brownsville Agreement aims to improve cooperation between U.S. and Mexican law enforcement agencies (Reno and Madrazo, 1998). She requested that U.S. law enforcement coordinate their secret efforts through the Embassy of Mexico City and the Prosecutor`s Office (Conley 2012). The Secret Service was excluded from this agreement (Millar 2010; Vulliamy 2010).

Between 2000 and 2008, while the United States was pursuing military foreign policy initiatives in Afghanistan and Iraq, the United States subsidized US$397 million in the fight against drugs in Mexico and the United States (Seelke and Finklea 2014). In June 2008, the U.S. Congress passed legislation that encouraged the intent of the Brownsville agreement with financial commitments that signed an agreement called the Merida Initiative. The Merida Initiative is a partnership between the United States and Mexico to combat organized crime and related violence, while «promoting respect for human rights and the rule of law» (Mérida Initiative 2014). Four pillars of this initiative are: disrupting the capacity of organized crime to operate, institutionalizing the ability to maintain the rule of law, creating a 21st century border structure, and building strong and resilient communities (Seelke and Finklea 2013). To support this relationship, the U.S. government provided $1.8 billion to the Mexican government to help fight drugs (Cook and Seelke 2008). The political marching band remained short-lived. William F. Gatley, the chief investigator of the case, strongly criticized the Failure of the Department of Justice to prosecute the high-value politicians involved in Operation Casablanca. «Either because we are lazy, or because we are stupid, or there is no political will to participate in the kind of investigation in which our repressive efforts can harm our foreign policy» (Golden 1999) President Clinton regretted that there had not previously been a consultation with Mexican officials on the stinger (Myers 1998). The Mexican Attorney General has threatened to charge U.S.

agents with violating Mexico`s sovereignty (Meisler 1998a).